Hello there πŸ‘‹,

In this post, I will show you how to convert a FastAI model to ONNX and CoreML.

Convert a FastAI model to Pytorch

Before we can convert the model to ONNX format or CoreML, we need to convert it to Pytorch first.

This is a simple process. Assuming that the model is trained, we need to call torch.save to export the model:

from fastai.vision.all import *

# learn is your FastAI Learner

torch.save(learn.model, "/models/model.pth")

Convert a FastAI model to ONNX

ONNX is a standard for machine learning models. It allows you to convert a model from a framework like PyTorch or TensorFlow to its format in order to be used in different runtimes, for exampl Windows, Android, Linux, MacOS and iOS and from various programming languages like C#, C++, Java, JavaScript and Python.

To convert your FastAI model to ONNX, follow these steps:

Assuming that you have the torch package installed, to convert the model to ONNX you need to run the following:

import torch

model_path = "/models/model.pth"

model = torch.load(model_path, map_location=torch.device('cpu'))

dummy_input = torch.randn(1, 3, 224, 224)
torch.onnx.export(model, dummy_input, "models/model.onnx", export_params=True)

I’m using torch.randn to create a dummy input. This is required by the torch.onnx.export function.

Since I am exporting a image classification model, the input shape is (1, 3, 224, 224). The first dimension is the batch size, the second is the number of channels, and the last two are the width and height of the image.

Convert a FastAI model to CoreML

CoreML is a framework developed by Apple that allows you to run machine learning models on the Apple ecosystem, which includes: iOS, MacOS, iPadOS, watchOS and tvOS.

According to the CoreML documentation, you will need a MacOS or a Linux machine to convert your model to CoreML. I tried to convert the model on Windows, but I got an error.

To convert your FastAI model to CoreML, follow these steps, in a new project:

  1. Create a new Python project with Python 3.10 and install the following packages:
  1. Create a new file called main.py and add the following code:
# convert torch model torchscript traced

import torch
import coremltools as ct

model_name = "resnet151"
model_path = f"./{model_name}.pth"

model = torch.load(model_path, map_location=torch.device("cpu"))

# Trace the model with random data.
dummy_input = torch.rand(1, 3, 224, 224)
traced_model = torch.jit.trace(model, dummy_input)

# Load the class labels.
class_labels = []
with open("categories.txt", "r") as f:
    class_labels = [line.strip() for line in f.readlines()]

# Using image_input in the inputs parameter:
# Convert to Core ML program using the Unified Conversion API.
scale = 1 / (0.226 * 255.0)
bias = [-0.485 / (0.229), -0.456 / (0.224), -0.406 / (0.225)]

model = ct.convert(
            shape=(1, 3, 224, 224),

# Save the converted model.
  1. Run the script:
python main.py

You should get a file called resnet151.mlpackage. This is the CoreML model.

That’s it! Thank you for reading! πŸ“š