brew install librdkafka openssl@3 pkg-config export PKG_CONFIG_PATH="/opt/homebrew/opt/openssl@3/lib/pkgconfig" go test -tags dynamic ./...
I’ve been transition from a Linux machine to a MacOS M1 machine at work and when I ran tests for a Golang project, I noticed that the test failed on modules depending on librdkafka.
Initially I’ve had problems with Kafka on MacOS M1 on Docker, since I was using an older image version that didn’t have any arm64 build, updating to images to version 7.2.1 fixed the issues.
This time however the problems was with my Golang dependencies and not the Docker containers. Running the tests resulted in:
go test ./... [...] ld: warning: ignoring file /Usersfirstname.lastname@example.org/kafka/librdkafka_vendor/librdkafka_darwin.a, building for macOS-arm64 but attempting to link with file built for macOS-x86_64 Undefined symbols for architecture arm64:
“Undefined symbols for architecture arm64” My guess is that the published confluent-kafka-go package does not contain (yet) symbols for arm64, to fix the issues you can use the module with another librdkafka.
When installing librdkafka formula from Homebrew the library is built for arm64 architecture. To install run:
brew install librdkafka openssl@3 pkg-config
Next, we’ll use a tool called pkg-config to tell librdkafka where to find the other libraries, since it depends on openssl we need to export PKG_CONFIG_PATH. To grab the value run:
brew info openssl ==> openssl@3: stable 3.0.5 (bottled) [keg-only] Cryptography and SSL/TLS Toolkit https://openssl.org/ /opt/homebrew/Cellar/openssl@3/3.0.5 (6,444 files, 27.9MB) Poured from bottle on 2022-08-31 at 14:10:49 From: https://github.com/Homebrew/homebrew-core/blob/HEAD/Formulaemail@example.com License: Apache-2.0 ==> Dependencies Required: ca-certificates ✘ ==> Caveats A CA file has been bootstrapped using certificates from the system keychain. To add additional certificates, place .pem files in /opt/homebrew/etc/openssl@3/certs and run /opt/homebrew/opt/openssl@3/bin/c_rehash openssl@3 is keg-only, which means it was not symlinked into /opt/homebrew, because macOS provides LibreSSL. If you need to have openssl@3 first in your PATH, run: echo 'export PATH="/opt/homebrew/opt/openssl@3/bin:$PATH"' >> ~/.zshrc For compilers to find openssl@3 you may need to set: export LDFLAGS="-L/opt/homebrew/opt/openssl@3/lib" export CPPFLAGS="-I/opt/homebrew/opt/openssl@3/include" For pkg-config to find openssl@3 you may need to set: export PKG_CONFIG_PATH="/opt/homebrew/opt/openssl@3/lib/pkgconfig"
Check that everything works by running:
pkg-config --libs --cflags rdkafka -I/opt/homebrew/Cellar/openssl@3/3.0.5/include -I/opt/homebrew/Cellar/librdkafka/1.9.2/include -I/opt/homebrew/Cellar/zstd/1.5.2/include -I/opt/homebrew/Cellar/lz4/1.9.4/include -L/opt/homebrew/Cellar/librdkafka/1.9.2/lib -lrdkafka
Now, all you need to do is run your tests with the
-tags dynamic flag, it will instruct confluent-kafka-go to use the librdkafka library that we’ve built from source.
Thanks for reading and happy hacking!